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What is it MDI(mdi)?

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What is mdi?

The variety of abbreviations people, especially PC-users come across leaves them very often at a loss. An abbreviation (from Latin brevis "short") is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Usually, but not always, it consists of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase. For example PC stands for personal computer and means a technical device for information processing. A trend toward abbreviation makes it next to impossible to decipher and explain these shortened forms without any specific knowledge and experience.
One should always keep in mind that abbreviations may have more than one meaning, in other words they turn out to be polysemantic. This means that the abbreviation PC in Military and Government sphere of use stands for Press Conference, while in the sphere of Information Technologies it reads Personal Computer. This example shows that the meaning of any abbreviation depends on the specific area of usage. Thats why one should be careful using some of them.
In order not to get misled, one should first of all define the register in which the abbreviation appears. The next step is to pick the proper explanation from the list of possible ones. After that one should check whether the chosen variant suits the context.
The topic of this article is the abbreviation MDI as far as it turns out to be one of the most inquired shortened phrases (app. 259 inquiries, which make up 5.45% of all).
Our abbreviation search returned 47 meanings ( see Appendix):

This list is not complete (see Appendix), but it shows that our abbreviation is polysemantic and is used in such spheres as Information Technology, Business and Finance, Military and Government, Science and Medicine, Schools and Organizations, etc.
We are not going to get deep into every MDI definition. Let us just focus on the two of them: Microsoft Document Imaging Format/ Microsoft Document Imaging and Multiple Document Interface, as far as they may be interesting to some PC-users.
Microsoft Document Imaging Format/ Microsoft Document Imaging is a file format based on the Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) that is designed to store images by page layout. Document imaging is the process of scanning paper documents, converting them to digital images that are then stored on CD, DVD, or other magnetic storage. With Microsoft Office Document Imaging, one can scan paper documents and convert them to digital images that the user can save in Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) or Microsoft Document Imaging Format (MDI) to the computer's hard disk, network server, CD, or DVD. Microsoft Office Document Imaging also gives the user the ability to perform Optical Character Recognition (OCR) either as part of scanning a document, or while the user works with a TIFF or MDI file. By performing OCR, one can then copy recognized text from a scanned image or a fax into a Microsoft Word document or other Office program file.
While you can open and edit TIFF files created with Office Document Imaging by using many other graphics applications, MDI files can only be opened or edited in Office Document Imaging. If you are going to share files with people who are using Office Document Imaging 2002, or another document imaging program, save your files in TIFF format for compatibility.
In general, images that are saved in the MDI file format take up less disk space than the same images saved as TIFF files. The image quality of an image saved in the MDI file format is comparable to that of the same image saved in TIFF.
Document imaging brings the two worlds of online and paper together in a way that can help make you more productive. With Microsoft Office Document Imaging, you can not only scan a document (eliminating the need for the paper copy), but you can also work with a scanned document or a fax as easily as other Microsoft Office documents on your computer.
Use Microsoft Office Document Imaging when you want to:
Scan both single- and multi-page documents. For example, you can scan paper documents for archiving and recycle the paper copies.
Read a scanned document or fax quickly and easily on your computer screen. For example, you can read through a multi-page fax online.
Fill out a simple form online that has been scanned or faxed. For example, scan a paper form or open a faxed form, fill in the requested information including check boxes, and return the form in email.
Perform optical character recognition (OCR) in a scanned document or a fax. For example, after recognizing text in a scanned document or a fax, you can search for specific text, or copy text to another program.
Copy text and images from a scanned document or a fax and paste in any Office program. Or, export text and images from a scanned document or a fax to Microsoft Word. For example, copy important data from a fax or scanned document to a Microsoft Excel worksheet.
Search for text within a scanned document or a fax.
Reorganize the page order in a multi-page-scanned document or fax as easily as rearranging papers in a folder. For example, remove the cover page from a fax, or add additional pages before sending it on to another person.
Send scanned documents to others in e-mail or as a fax over the Internet.
Annotate a scanned document or fax and share it with another person. For example, add comments to a fax and return it to the sender.

Now lets have a look at the second meaning of MDI, namely Multiple Document Interface. It is a Microsoft Windows programming interface for creating an application that enables users to work with multiple documents at the same time. Each document is in a separate space with its own controls for scrolling. The user can see and work with different documents such as a spreadsheet, a text document, or a drawing space by simply moving the cursor from one space to another.
Some people use a different name for this interface, "tabbed document interface" (TDI). When tabs are used to manage windows, individual ones usually cannot be resized. TDI Tabbed Document Interface is also one that allows multiple documents to be contained within a single window, using tabs to navigate between them (pic. 1).

example TDI - "system propertys" (Windows)
pic.1

Though the name TDI implies similarity to the Microsoft Windows standards for multiple document interfaces (MDI) and single document interfaces (SDI) but TDI does not form part of the Microsoft Windows User Interface Guidelines. Everybody has got used to the fact that each program or application is never confined to one window. One or in other words single window programs belong to the so-called SDIs (Single Document Interface). Windows Calculator is one of the Windows applications of the SDI type (pic. 2).

Calculator (Windows) applications - SDI type
pic.2

SDI is a method of organizing graphical user interface applications into individual windows that the operating system's window manager handles separately. Such interfaces do not necessarily presuppose a single window. For example Windows Explorer is an SDI application, but there are cases when it creates secondary windows to search for some files and folders, parameters determination, file properties revision, etc.
The main peculiarity of MDI is the ability to open the form of one and the same document for several different documents, as for example Microsoft Word (MS Office, pic.3).
With MDI (and also TDI), a single menu bar and/or toolbar is shared between all child windows, reducing clutter and increasing efficient use of screen space. Each MDI application has a single main window, and any number of child windows. All child windows are displayed within the main window (the pic.3).

MDI example - WinWORD (Windows)
pic.3

MDI applications can be used for a variety of purposes - for example, working on one document while referring to another document, viewing different presentations of the same information, viewing multiple Web sites at the same time, and any task that requires multiple reference points and work areas at the same time. MDI gives an opportunity to most effectively use the screen area. Such interfaces are possibly faster and more memory efficient, since the application is shared, and only the document changes. An application's child windows can be hidden/shown/minimized/maximized as a whole. Some applications have keyboard shortcuts to quickly jump to the functionality you need (faster navigating).
The brightest MDI application examples include:

Frankly speaking, one gets used to MDI applications as fast as to everything good.
Well, this must be everything one should know about Microsoft Office Document Imaging and Multiple Document Interface. If not, you are welcome to look for more information to this topic.
Note. Microsoft Corporation as usually demonstrates its tactics and strategy as to the usage of the popular things, namely MDI abbreviation.


Tasik (R)
located at BIBLOS.in (C) (12.2009-31.07.2008, 2017)
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